In the Stalinist USSR, the repressive apparatus was eventually turned against members of the Communist Party itself in the Great Purge and the show trials that accompanied it.
The death penalty was used on a wide scale, even before the war. Stalinism had an absolute leader, but he was not essential. As such, both pursue collectivism ownership of the land and the means of production by the state as a part of an economy led by the state, the establishment of a dictatorship led by a leader who literally has all power and glorify violence, imperialism, and militarism.
The artistic differences between Fascism and Nazism can be noted in architecture as well: Source Fascism, Nazism, and Religion When it comes to religion, both similarities and differences exist.
Similarities There are many similarities between Fascism and National Socialism. In the Netherlands, even the National Socialist Movement had some Jewish members at first since it did not start out as an anti-Semitic organization. For instance, Soviet wartime propaganda revolved around the idea of resisting imperial aggression, while Nazi propaganda was about wars of racial conquest.
This depends in part on the personal character of different leaders, but Friedrich and Brzezinski believe that there is also an underlying political cycle, in which rising discontent leads to increased repression up to the point at which the opposition is eliminated, then controls are relaxed until the next time that popular dissatisfaction begins to grow.
Slaves were abused and killed for the sake of profit; concentration camp inmates were abused and killed because a totalitarian government needed to justify its existence. Werth identifies two main historiographical approaches in the study of the Stalinist regime: Mussolini himself had originally been a Leftist socialist in his ideology, and was anti Nationalist — but his ideas were to undergo a dramatic change by the time he had founded the fascist movement.
Thus fascism is ideally suited to the Italian, and Southern European nations, for whom race tends to prove somewhat divisive. The Nazi regime, on the other hand, was much more personalized and depended entirely on Hitler, being unable to build any lasting institutions.
Hegelianism and neohegelianism justified the state as an end in itself. Propaganda is then used to maintain this appearance of popular consent.
Friedrich and Brzezinski argue, in agreement with Arendt, that Nazi and Stalinist leaders really believed in their respective ideologies and did not merely use them as tools to gain power.
Coming to the etymology, fascist comes from fascio, an Italiam word, meaning a union of bundle. But to declare that the struggle had been won would have meant to declare that most of the totalitarian features of the government were no longer needed.
According to this Doctrine the State is all embracing and no human or spiritual value exists beyond it. They come about when a militant ideological movement seizes power, so the first leader of a totalitarian government is usually the ideologue who built the movement that seized power, and subsequent leaders try to emulate him.
Their target audience did not have to be persuaded to despise the other parties or the democratic system, because it consisted of people who already despised mainstream politics. However, there was a potential for division between the leader and the state bureaucracy, due to the way that Nazism came to power — as part of an alliance with traditional conservative elites, industrialists, and the army.
Though originally an atheist, Mussolini actively endorsed the Roman Catholic Church for political legitimacy while Hitler founded Positive Christianity as an attempt to redefine the Christian belief in such a way that it would benefit his anti-Semitic rule.
Both Nazi and Stalinist regimes produced two very different sets of propaganda — one for internal consumption and one for potential sympathizers in other countries. Such people were divided into two categories: Communism The easiest way to think of Communism is the requirement that private property is not allowed.
This produced a surprising difference between Nazism and Stalinism: Induring the early days of the Berlin Blockadethe Soviet leadership apparently believed that the population of West Berlin was sympathetic to Soviet Communism and that they would request to join the Soviet zone.
Stalinism, meanwhile, denied that it did anything similar, and claimed instead to uphold democratic principles, with the Party Congress made up of elected delegates supposedly being the highest authority.
The Soviet regime continuously denied that it was repressive, proclaimed itself a defender of peace, and sought to conceal all the evidence to the contrary. Please spread the word.
This is also called a Oligarchy because the wealthy control the entire country. Thus, regardless of the differences in their underlying ideological claims, the Nazi and Stalinist parties were organized in practice along similar lines, with a rigid hierarchy and centralized leadership. Despite the large historical impact of these ideologies, both of them now stand on the fringes of current political discourse.
They simply develop a habit of acting in a conformist manner and not questioning authority, without necessarily being aware that this is what they are doing. European imperialism of the nineteenth century also paved the way for totalitarianism, by legitimizing the concept of endless expansion.
This was the beginning of the Ancient Roman Republic. Nazism on the other hand, referred as National Socialism, is in an ideological concept of the Nazi Party. Totalitarian Party[ edit ] Friedrich and Brzezinski also identify key similarities between the Nazi and Stalinist political parties, which set them apart from other types of political parties.
Nazism became so popular under Adolf Hitler.
From the point of view of fundamental human liberties there is little to choose between communism, socialism, and national socialism.
They all are examples of the collectivist or totalitarian state in its essentials not only is completed socialism the same as communism but it hardly differs from fascism. Compare And Contrast Fascism Communism And National Socialism What is communism?
Communism is a term used broadly to designate a ‘theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to. Ultimately, Fascism and National socialism are not inherently evil ideologies like historians would have you believe, and they are certainly not the same.
Hitler and Mussolini shared common beliefs, however, their methods of governing and priorities concerning the state were very different.
Fascism And Communism Essay. Fascism and Communism are two different forms of government that were very similar. Fascism is a 20th century form of nationalistic, militaristic, totalitarian dictatorship that seeks to create a feasible society through strict regimentation of national and individual lives.
Jul 16, · Difference between National Socialism and Fascism Posted by Jane under 1  Comments There is a painting, by the French Revolutionary Jaques-Louis David, that effectively sums up the difference between fascism and national socialism.
26 rows · Communism vs. Fascism Diffen › Social Sciences › History While communism is a system based around a theory of economic equality and advocates for a classless society, fascism is a nationalistic, top-down system with rigid class roles that is ruled by an all-powerful dictator.Compare and contrast fascism communism and national socialism